Node.js Basic Web Server

What is Node.js?

Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform JavaScript runtime environment that allows developers to build server-side and networking applications. It uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model, making it lightweight and efficient for handling large-scale applications. Node.js is built on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine and has gained immense popularity among developers for its scalability and speed.

Setting Up a Basic Web Server with Node.js

Setting up a basic web server using Node.js is straightforward. First, you need to install Node.js on your machine. You can download the installer from the official Node.js website and follow the installation instructions for your operating system.

Initializing a Node.js Project

Once Node.js is installed, open your terminal or command prompt and navigate to the desired directory where you want to create your project. Use the following command to initialize a new Node.js project:

npm init

This command will create a package.json file that holds information about your project and its dependencies.

Installing Required Dependencies

To create a basic web server, you need to install the express package, which is a popular Node.js framework for building web applications. Run the following command to install it:

npm install express

Additionally, you can install other useful packages like body-parser for parsing request bodies and morgan for logging HTTP requests. Install them using the following commands:

npm install body-parser morgan

Creating the Web Server

Now that you have the necessary dependencies installed, create a new file named server.js in your project directory. Open the file in your preferred code editor and add the following code:

const express = require('express'); const bodyParser = require('body-parser'); const morgan = require('morgan'); const app = express(); app.use(bodyParser.json()); app.use(morgan('dev')); app.get('/', (req, res) => { res.send('Welcome to my basic web server!'); }); const port = process.env.PORT || 3000; app.listen(port, () => { console.log(`Server listening on port ${port}`); });

The code above imports the required dependencies, initializes an Express application, and sets up middleware for parsing request bodies and logging HTTP requests. It also defines a basic route that sends a welcome message when the root URL is accessed. The server listens on the specified port (or port 3000 if not specified).

Starting the Web Server

To start the web server, go back to your terminal or command prompt and run the following command:

node server.js

If everything is set up correctly, you should see the message Server listening on port 3000 in the console. You can now access your basic web server by opening a web browser and navigating to http://localhost:3000.


Node.js provides a powerful platform for building web servers and other network applications. With its event-driven architecture and extensive package ecosystem, developers can create scalable and efficient applications. Setting up a basic web server with Node.js is quick and straightforward, making it an excellent choice for both beginners and experienced developers.


– Node.js Official Website:

– Express.js Official Website:

– Body-parser Package:

– Morgan Package:

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